Courts of Tomorrow

The office of Adviser to PM has been working with the Ministry of Law and Justice towards setting up of the National Mission for Justice Delivery and Legal Reforms, with a focus on use of ICT in reducing pendencies and delays. The idea of the Mission emerged at the National Consultation for Strengthening the Judiciary towards Reducing Pendency and Delays held in October 2009.

Objectives of the National MissionThe National Mission spanning 5 years from 2011-2016 would focus on two major goals as envisaged in the vision document, namely:

  • Increasing access by reducing delays and arrears in the system, and
  • Enhancing accountability through structural changes and by setting performance standards and capacities.
The action plan will focus on the following five strategic initiatives:
  • Policy and Legislative changes such as All India Judicial Service, Litigation Policy, Judicial Impact Assessment, Amendment in N.I. Act and Arbitration & Conciliation Act, Legal Education Reforms etc.
  • Re-engineering procedures and alternate methods of Dispute Resolution such as identification of bottlenecks, procedural changes in court processes, statutory amendments to reduce anddisincentivizedelays,Fasttracking of procedures, appointment of court managers and Alternate Dispute Resolution.
  • Focus on Human Resource Development such as filling up of vacancy positions in all courts of judges and court staff, strengthening State Judicial Academies, Training of Public Prosecutors and ICT enablement of public prosecutors offices, strengthening National Judicial Academy and Training of mediators.
  • Leveraging ICT for better justice delivery such as implementation ofE-courts project, integration of ICT in the judiciary and use in criminal justice delivery and creation of National Arrears Grid.
  • Improving Infrastructure such as improving physical infrastructure of the District and subordinate courts and creation of special / additional courts like Morning / Evening Courts, Family Courts and GramNyayalayas.
Read the Vision document for the National Mission for Delivery of Justice and Legal Reform and visit the Ministry of Law and Justice Website for more details.
Another step in the direction to promote greater use of ICT in the Justice System is the e-Courts Projects, a Mission Mode Project under the Ministry of Law and Justice.
The Government is implementing this project for computerization of District & Subordinate Courts in the country and for upgradation of ICT infrastructure of the Supreme Court and the High Courts under the e-Courts Mission Mode Project (MMP).
Under the project, 12000 courts in 2100 court complexes are expected to be computerised by 31.3.2012 and 2249 courts in 969 court complexes are expected to be computerized by 31.3.2014.  The total estimated cost of phase I of the project is Rs. 935.00 crore.  The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is the implementing agency of the project.
An E-Committee of the Supreme Court was constituted which is chaired by the Chief Justice of India to give overall policy directions to fulfilment of e-court programme.  An Empowered Committee has been constituted in the Department of Justice to provide strategic direction and guidance to the e-courts Mission Mode Project.  This Committee also has representative from the E-Committee of the Supreme Court. To know more about the project, visit the e-courts website.
The office of Adviser to PM is building upon the above concept, in consultation with the various stakeholders, to put together a draft paper on the Courts of Tomorrow. The Courts of Tomorrow initiative will put the best in class ICT tools in the hands of judges and the registrars, to aid them in the dispensation of justice. This initiative seeks to act as a force multiplier to the on-going ICT enablement initiatives of the Judiciary.
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